丝绸之路(the Silk Road)是中国古代最著名的贸易路线。在这条路上运输的商品中,丝绸占很大部分,因此得名“丝绸之路”。丝绸之路起点始于长安,终点远达印度、罗马等国家。丝绸之路从汉代开始形成,到唐代达到鼎盛,骆驼曾是丝绸之路上的主要交通工具。中国的造纸、印刷等伟大发明通过这条路传播到了西方,而佛教(Buddhism)等宗教也被引入中国。丝绸之路不仅仅是古代国际贸易路线,更是连接亚洲、非洲、欧洲的文化桥梁。

参考答案:

  The Silk Road is the most well-known trade route in ancient China. It got its name because silk comprised a large proportion of commodities transported along this road. The Silk Road started at Chang'an and extended as far as countries like India and Rome. The Silk Road was opened up during the Han Dynasty and reached its peak in the Tang Dynasty, with camels being the major means of transportation. Great inventions in China, such as paper-making and printing were spread to the Western world along this road and religions like Buddhism were also introduced to China. The Silk Road was not only an ancient international trade route, but also a cultural bridge linking with Africa and Europe.

解题思路:

1.“在这条路上运输的商品中,丝绸占很大部分”,翻译时把“商品”作为宾语,即“丝绸占了商品中的大部分”,“在这条路上运输的”则处理过去分词短语transported...作后置定语。故译为silk comprised a large proportion of commodities transported along this road,使句子简洁流畅。
2.“终点远达…”的表达符合汉语逻辑,但在英文中“终点”和“远达”的主谓搭配形式不符合英文逻辑,翻译时“终点”可以不用翻译。
3.“骆驼曾是丝绸之路上的主要交通工具”用“with+名词+动词现在分词”的复合结构,使句子更简洁紧凑。
4.最后一句话中“文化桥梁”的定语“连接亚洲、非洲、欧洲的”较长,在翻译时,可译成动词的现在分词短语作后置定语linking..., with...。

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